Blackheads & Whiteheads & How To Treat Them
Acne is one of the most commonly experienced skin conditions in the world. It is a chronic condition that will affect around 80% of all teenagers. Adults are not out of the danger zone for acne, however, and around 50% of adults will also experience some form of the skin condition.
Acne can take on several different forms. Some are worse than others, though all bring the same frustrations and embarrassment to the individuals who are affected. Whiteheads and blackheads are two types of acne that could make their way to your skin. Luckily whiteheads and blackheads are the easiest to treat of all types of acne.
Blackheads and whiteheads are called comedones. They are more likely to appear on the face, specifically the chin and the nose. Often they are found in batches, with several present at any given time. Blackheads are filled with sebum and dead skin cells. They have a wide opening and form as the result of oxidation of melanin.
Whiteheads are called closed comedones. These follicles are filled with sebum just as blackheads, though they are smaller and have only a microscopic opening on the surface of the skin. Air is unable to reach this area of the skin so oxidation does not occur, leaving their white appearance.
The best way to rid your skin of these blemishes is to cleanse your face with a mild soap or acne facial scrub to remove excess dead skin cells and sebum. Your skin should be given this TLC twice per day.
If you wear makeup, switch to oil-free makeups that are non-comedogenic. This means that the makeup will not clog the pores. Of course going bare is the best choice, but if this is not an option that you want to consider, switch the type of makeup you use.
Additionally you should use a product containing either benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid to rid your skin of whiteheads and blackheads. These ingredients are found inside of most OTC products sold today.
If you prefer there are also products containing Tretinoin that can be used to treat the condition. As a derivative of vitamin A this product works to increase cell turnover rates and reduction of the sloughed cells, returning the plug material to a normal pore.
For severe whitehead and blackhead that have become infected antibiotics may be used. Other prescription medications are also offered when other treatments find you no results. Accutane is one of the most commonly prescribed medications to treat the condition.